Over the last few years, the financial industry have questioned how much interest rates will rise and to what degree institutions are prepared. Compounding this uncertainty, community banks and credit unions have tried to cope with additional pressure to ensure sustainable profitability by tightening margins and cutting back costs. In response to these pressures, institution leaders have added to their balance sheet assets with longer maturities and more options. These products serve to diversify the balance sheet and widen margins, but in doing so may increase interest rate risk (IRR).
As interest rates rise, financial institutions are revisiting whether an in-house asset liability management (ALM) model or a third-party (outsourced) ALM model is the best option for monitoring and assessing interest rate risk (IRR). Many variables and factors need to be considered when making such a critical decision. The following four factors will help institutions identify when it is best to implement an in-house model and when to outsource to a third-party vendor to ensure compliance with regulatory mandates associated with measuring and monitoring interest rate risk: