Model Risk Management

In model risk management, just keeping up is no longer enough

In model risk management, just keeping up is no longer enough

As new risks emerge, the role of the Risk Officers and Risk Managers has become far broader and more complex, covering everything from regulatory compliance, operations risk and credit risk to data management, advanced technologies and industry disruption. Because the industry is changing so rapidly, financial institutions are compelled to ask whether their financial risk leaders are keeping up, or more importantly, keeping ahead of the change. Moreover, if the institution is just keeping up, the follow-up question is whether this current pace is enough. In other words, does the institution have flexibility in its talent, organizational structure, process and policies to protect itself from evolving risks?

Four considerations for CECL model validation

Four considerations for CECL model validation

Welcome to the CECL time warp. When the FASB announced its CECL requirement in 2016, it seemed like there was an endless amount of time available to meet CECL 2021 implementation deadlines. Now, in 2019, the road to implementation seems like a speedy downhill drive in a car with squeaky brakes – except there are, in fact, ways to check the brakes along the way.

AI in financial services: Monster or champion?

AI in financial services: Monster or champion?

“It is true, we shall be monsters, cut off from all the world; but on that account, we shall be more attached to one and other.”

— Mary Shelley, author of “Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus”

Reflecting on the current state of Artificial Intelligence (AI), one might say that in writing the novel “Frankenstein,” Mary Shelley unknowingly touched upon the fears and contradictions facing humans in the 21st century. Humans, in our desire to advance, are pushing the boundaries of innovation by creating intelligent thinking machines that could (in a worst-case scenario) become self-serving and fall out of the control of its creators.

In the shift to more sophisticated models, financial institutions should rethink governance

In the shift to more sophisticated models, financial institutions should rethink governance

For small and large institutions alike, financial models are growing more complex. Business leaders at financial institutions are more frequently relying on financial models to make informed and strategic business decisions, ranging from pricing and launching new products, to managing capital and setting reasonable internal risk thresholds.

Blind spots are the biggest risk in financial modeling

Blind spots are the biggest risk in financial modeling

What happens if right after you finalize your financial models and get ready to make critical pricing or balance sheet decisions, your head of risk modeling leaves your institution with little notice, and to your dismay, little documentation? While your former model developer was brilliant, your institution is now left with a range of financial models that may or may not be accurate or effective.

What financial modelers can learn from MoviePass when implementing CECL

What financial modelers can learn from MoviePass when implementing CECL

If you have followed the news about MoviePass and its recent financial downfall, you may have read about declining stock prices and angry customers, and made a mental note about what not to do in business. However, there is one critical but less obvious lesson to learn from the MoviePass pandemonium – and it is one that just might keep your financial institution from going down the wrong CECL road.

What five key activities should credit unions be doing today in their CECL projects?

What five key activities should credit unions be doing today in their CECL projects?

If credit unions want to stay on track for implementing the Current Expected Credit Loss (CECL) standard, they need to have already completed several milestone tasks and to complete several more by the end of the year. Credit unions also need to be sure they have allocated sufficient time to complete the tasks that need to be finished between 2019 and 2022.

CECL methodology will become part of bank M&A due diligence by mid-2019

CECL methodology will become part of bank M&A due diligence by mid-2019

After many quiet years, merger and acquisition (M&A) activity at banks has been on the rise in 2018, and several favorable trends will likely sustain the momentum through the remainder of the year. By the middle of 2019, as banks evaluate acquisition opportunities, they likely will add a new component to their customary due diligence: an exploration and understanding of the target company’s Current Expected Credit Loss (CECL) methodology.

Institutions need to understand hidden risks in model validation

Institutions need to understand hidden risks in model validation

Regulators require the model validation process to ensure that financial institutions are properly modeling for risk. Beyond regulatory compliance, model validation also provides business leaders with confidence in their models and helps to reinforce or reassess business and balance sheet decisions shaped by model outcomes. Considering the importance of model accuracy and effectiveness, it is critical to understand hidden risks in model validation practices. Whether a financial institution develops its financial models internally or works with a third-party model software vendor, it is critical to ensure your model validation partner understands and considers hidden risks in model validation. Some such risks include:

Effectively testing for basis risk and yield curve shape risk in interest rate risk analyses

Effectively testing for basis risk and yield curve shape risk in interest rate risk analyses

Changes in driver rate relationships are key influences determining the Interest Rate Risk (IRR) position of most institutions. Today, it is commonplace for financial institutions to incorporate testing for basis risk and yield curve shape risk in their IRR analyses. Three elements are needed for a successful basis risk and yield curve risk analysis solution: Asset Liability Management (ALM) model setup and fine tuning; defining the appropriate rate tests; and effectively communicating the institution’s Net Interest Income (NII) IRR position

Is it a financial model or a tool?

Is it a financial model or a tool?

Ensuring compliance with key model risk management (MRM) guidelines and regulations requires that risk managers for financial institutions assess and validate all financial models. As economic conditions evolve and regulators demand greater balance sheet transparency, financial institutions are developing and managing more models than ever before. To meet regulatory guidelines, many financial institutions must decide whether a method of financial calculation is considered a financial model or a tool.

CECL model validation: data and documentation to play an important role

CECL model validation: data and documentation to play an important role

While financial institutions are still in the early phases of current expected credit losses (CECL) planning, implementation and monitoring, others have already selected and simulated their model or model software and are ready for the next phase of the process: model validation.

Using model risk management to gain strategic advantages

Using model risk management to gain strategic advantages

If you aren’t approaching model risk management correctly, you’re putting your organization in a compromised position, because your models are being underutilized or used blindly in your decision making. An effective approach, on the other hand, gives your organization strategic advantages.

Financial institutions proceeding with caution in race to use artificial intelligence for modeling

Financial institutions proceeding with caution in race to use artificial intelligence for modeling

A few years ago, “big data” emerged as a buzzword across many industries, including financial services. The concept and push was to capture all-encompassing information. While that talk has wound down, we’re now hearing an uptick in discussions about artificial intelligence and machine learning, interpreted as using big data to improve decision making.

Shifting the mindset about financial model validations

Shifting the mindset about financial model validations

At banking organizations, financial model validations can be simply viewed as a necessary task on a checklist for following regulatory guidance. Some institutions also believe that the quality of a model validation is less important when the institution or business line is successful and when local, regional and national economies are all thriving.

4 factors to consider when choosing an ALM model

4 factors to consider when choosing an ALM model

As interest rates rise, financial institutions are revisiting whether an in-house asset liability management (ALM) model or a third-party (outsourced) ALM model is the best option for monitoring and assessing interest rate risk (IRR). Many variables and factors need to be considered when making such a critical decision. The following four factors will help institutions identify when it is best to implement an in-house model and when to outsource to a third-party vendor to ensure compliance with regulatory mandates associated with measuring and monitoring interest rate risk:


The 6 tenets of effective model risk management (MRM)

The 6 tenets of effective model risk management (MRM)

The 6 Tenets of Effective Model Risk Management

As financial institutions progress in the new economic cycle — a cycle defined by gradual interest rate increases, regulatory uncertainty and economic growth — it may be time to revisit the financial models and model processes used to facilitate interest rate risk (IRR) analyses and other risk analyses such as capital stress testing. The accuracy and effectiveness of a model is critical because its outputs may alter the accuracy and effectiveness of related models and impact strategic decisions.